Glossary

If you are embarking on your wellness journey, you may not be familiar with some terminology in the superfoods and greens product space.  Let us help you with a few terms and definitions you should be familiar with.

  • Superfood – Nutrient-rich foods considered to be especially beneficial for health and well-being. See Superfood on Wikipeadia for additional details and history.
  • Greens – Edible leaves and stems of certain plants such as spinach or lettuce.
  • Super Blend – A mix of superfoods and greens to provide a convenient to use powder rich in nutrients, usually mixed with water, milk or as an ingredient in a smoothie.  In addition to high nutrient content food sources, super blends sometimes include pre and probiotics, vegetable based protein, and digestive enzymes.  See example SUPERBLEND ingredients.
  • Prebiotics – Nondigestible food ingredient such as fiber that promotes the growth of beneficial microorganisms in the intestines.
  • Probiotics – Live microorganisms that are intended to have health benefits.
  • Bifidobacterium Medical definition: a genus (family Bifidobacteriaceae) of gram-positive, nonmotile, anaerobic bacteria that occur as invariably shaped, often branching rods, that are part of the normal intestinal and vaginal flora of humans, and that produce acetic and lactic acid by the fermentation of carbohydrates.
  • L. acidophilusMedical definition: This bacteria [Lactobacillus acidophilus] is part of the normal flora of the human and animal mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina. As normal flora, it helps to prevent overgrowth of potentially harmful bacteria by maintaining an acidic environment. Acidophilus and some related bacteria are considered to be “probiotic” because they may help the body maintain or restore its normal balance of helpful bacteria. The use of antibiotics can decimate the normal flora in the body. Some healthcare professionals recommend probiotics to counter the side effect of antibiotic use. L. acidophilus is found in milk and fermented products like yogurt with “active cultures” and in the form of supplements.
  • CFU/g – Colony Forming Unit per gram.  A CFU, is a unit commonly used to estimate the concentration of microorganisms in a test sample. The number of visible colonies (CFU) present on an agar plate can be multiplied by the dilution factor to provide a CFU/ml result.
  • Digestive Enzymes – A group of enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body.
  • Antioxidants – A substance such as vitamin C or E that removes potentially damaging oxidizing agents in a living organism.
  • Antioxidant foods – Certain foods offer naturally high concentrations of antioxidants that act as free radical scavengers and therefore help protect against the damage of oxidation and aging.  Examples are dark chocolate, pecans, blueberries, strawberries, artichokes, kale, red cabbage, beets and spinach.
  • Pea Protein – Pea protein is extracted from split peas.  This protein is being used in a variety of foods including energy bars, meal-replacement shakes, and veggie burgers.  As a powder, it is convenient to add to smoothies.
  • Spirulina – A microscopic filamentous aquatic cyanobacterium (genus Spirulina, especially S. platensis synonym Arthrospira platensis).  Spirulina is a rich source of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.  It is often cultivated for use as a dietary supplement.  See how Spirulina is grown and harvested.
Spirulina algae powder
Spirulina algae powder.

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